L Root | ICANN | ORF CyFy 2015

There has been quite a good amount interest generated in all stakeholders for Root Servers and its impact in the Internet core infrastructure and why it is required to bring more instances of Root servers in India. I have been invited in CyFy 2015 conference organised by ORF as being the first L-Root instance operator in the country. The demonstration was headed by ICANN Asia Pecific Security, Stability and Resiliency Engagement Manager, Champika Wijayatunga and Anupam Agrawal, Chair ISOC Kolkata Chapter. The L-Root instance hosted at BASIS Technologies is an initiative of ISOC Kolkata Chapter. We have been given three parallel demonstration slots and there were lots discussed in these sessions.

There were questions on root server management, how root zone files are updated and who is responsible for changes in root-zone files?

The content of the Internet root zone file is coordinated by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), which operates as the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). Changes also must be authorized by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) of the U.S. Department of Commerce. VeriSign generates and distributes the zone file to the various root server operators.

Since 1997, when the Internet was transferred from U.S. government control to private hands, NTIA has exercised stewardship over the root zone. A 1998 Commerce Department document stated the agency was “committed to a transition that will allow the private sector to take leadership for DNS management” by the year 2000, however, no steps to make the transition happen were taken. In March 2014, NTIA announced it will transition its stewardship to a “global stakeholder community”.

Ref: Wikipedia

If you want to know more about Root Servers and its operations, these are some great resources

IANA Root Servers
Root Name Server Operational requirments
DNS Root Servers frequently asked questions
DNS Root Servers explained for Non Experts
DNS Root Servers frequently asked questions (pdf download) 
Root Servers deployment

The Kolkata instance is haviing nearly 1.4 K resuests/per second in peak time, the same statistics is with Mumbai L-Root instance. This shows a great requirements of Root Server delpyment in the country for the security and resiliency of countries core Internet Infrastructure.

The hedgehog graph for Kolkata L instance is shown below, you can check the same in the following link



Chmapika has given a detailed demonstration on how root servers work and Anupam shared his views for the necessity of an L-Root instance for the region.

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Anand Raje

A technology entrepreneur and experience in tech innovations and implementations. Designed and implemented citizen-centric G2C e-governance Projects for Land Records and Revenue, Commercial Taxes. Implemented Data Mining, GIS algorithms, PKI infrastructure, Digital Signature and Cryptographic algorithms for state wide large e-governance projects. An experienced Network Security trainer with wide international exposure across technology forums. Holds a Master of Computer Science Degree & multiple IT, Network security & Privacy certifications- DSCI DCPLA, CSSP, CCNSP. A ISOC Next Generations Leader and fellowships recipient from ISOC for IETF, Global INET & AfPIF, ICANN & APSIG.

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